sphinx在windows下的简单安装与使用
2016-05-31 12:20:21;  来源:csdn;  作者:老胡来了;  评论:0 点击:

1、下载地 址http: sphinxsearch com downloads release ,我这里下的是Win64 binaries w MySQL+PgSQL+libstemmer+id64 support,下载
1、下载地 址 http://sphinxsearch.com/downloads/release/,我这里下的是“Win64 binaries w/MySQL+PgSQL+libstemmer+id64 support”,下载后文件名:sphinx-2.0.6-release-win64-id64-full.zip;
 
2、将其解压到D: \ sphinx,并在D:\sphinx下新建目录data(用来存放索引文件)与log(用来存放日志文件);
 
3、将D:\sphinx\sphinx.conf.in复制到D:\sphinx\bin\sphinx.conf.in,并重命名为sphinx.conf;
 
4、修改 D:\sphinx\bin\sphinx.conf 如下:
    4.1、搜索source src1修改{...}中的内容
        # 使用的数据库类型
        type = mysql 
        # 服务器
        sql_host = localhost 
        # 数据库登录名
        sql_user = root 
        # 数据库登录密码
        sql_pass = root 
        # 操作的数据库名称
        sql_db = test 
        # 数据库服务器端口
        sql_port = 3306 
        # 设置编码,如果用的是utf-8编码
        sql_query_pre = SET NAMES utf-8 
        (以上7条前如有#将其删除)
    4.2、搜索index test1修改{...}中的内容
        # 放索引的目录
        path = D:/sphinx/data/ 
        # 编码
        charset_type = utf-8 
        # 指定utf-8编码表
        charset_table = 0..9, A..Z->a..z, _, a..z, U+410..U+42F->U+430..U+44F, U+430..U+44F 
        # 简单分词,只有0和1,需要搜索中文必须置1
        ngram_len = 1 
        # 需要分词的字符,搜索中文时必须
        ngram_chars = U+3000..U+2FA1F 
        (以上5条前如有#将其删除)
 
5、导入测试数据将D:\sphinx\example.sql中语句执行到test数据库中,注意:test数据库创建时需要指定为utf-8格式;
 
6、打开cmd窗口,进入目录D:\sphinx\bin;
 
7、建立索引,执行indexer.exe test1,test1即为sphinx.conf中index test1
Sphinx 2.0.6-id64-release (r3473)
Copyright (c) 2001-2012, Andrew Aksyonoff
Copyright (c) 2008-2012, Sphinx Technologies Inc (http://sphin
 
using config file './sphinx.conf'...
indexing index 'test1'...
collected 4 docs, 0.0 MB
sorted 0.0 Mhits, 100.0% done
total 4 docs, 222 bytes
total 0.019 sec, 11252 bytes/sec, 202.74 docs/sec
total 2 reads, 0.000 sec, 0.2 kb/call avg, 0.0 msec/call avg
total 9 writes, 0.000 sec, 0.1 kb/call avg, 0.0 msec/call avg
    成功...
 
8、搜索'test',执行search.exe test
Sphinx 2.0.6-id64-release (r3473)
Copyright (c) 2001-2012, Andrew Aksyonoff
Copyright (c) 2008-2012, Sphinx Technologies Inc (http://sphinxsearch.com)
 
using config file './sphinx.conf'...
index 'test1': query 'test ': returned 3 matches of 3 total in 0.000 sec
 
displaying matches:
1. document=1, weight=2421, group_id=1, date_added=Tue Feb 26 10:25:31 2013
        id=1
        group_id=1
        group_id2=5
        date_added=2013-02-26 10:25:31
        title=test one
        content=this is my test document number one. also checking search within
 phrases.
2. document=2, weight=1442, group_id=3, date_added=Tue Feb 26 10:25:31 2013
        id=2
        group_id=3
        group_id2=6
        date_added=2013-02-26 10:25:31
        title= ????
        content=this is my test document number two ???????
3. document=4, weight=1442, group_id=2, date_added=Tue Feb 26 10:25:31 2013
        id=4
        group_id=2
        group_id2=8
        date_added=2013-02-26 10:25:31
        title=doc number four
        content=this is to test groups
 
words:
1. 'test': 3 documents, 4 hits
 
index 'test1stemmed': search error: failed to open D:/sphinx/data/test1stemmed.s
ph: No such file or directory.
 
    最后面的一句error可忽略;
 
9、搜索中文,首先将数据库中的内容update含有中文,执行sql语句:
UPDATE documents SET title='中文', content='this is my test document number one. also checking search within phrases.含有中文。' WHERE id=1;
UPDATE documents SET title='中文标题', content='this is my test document number one. also checking search within phrases.含有中文内容。' WHERE id=2;
UPDATE documents SET title='中文标题测试', content='this is my test document number one. also checking search within phrases.含有中文内容。' WHERE id=3;
重新建立索引(执行第7步);
然后执行search.exe 中文
Sphinx 2.0.6-id64-release (r3473)
Copyright (c) 2001-2012, Andrew Aksyonoff
Copyright (c) 2008-2012, Sphinx Technologies Inc (http://sphinxsearch.com)
 
using config file './sphinx.conf'...
indexing index 'test1'...
collected 4 docs, 0.0 MB
sorted 0.0 Mhits, 100.0% done
total 4 docs, 349 bytes
total 0.025 sec, 13808 bytes/sec, 158.26 docs/sec
total 2 reads, 0.000 sec, 0.3 kb/call avg, 0.0 msec/call avg
total 9 writes, 0.000 sec, 0.2 kb/call avg, 0.0 msec/call avg
 
D:\sphinx\bin>search.exe 中文
Sphinx 2.0.6-id64-release (r3473)
Copyright (c) 2001-2012, Andrew Aksyonoff
Copyright (c) 2008-2012, Sphinx Technologies Inc (http://sphinxsearch.com)
 
using config file './sphinx.conf'...
index 'test1': query '中文 ': returned 0 matches of 0 total in 0.000 sec
 
words:
 
index 'test1stemmed': search error: failed to open D:/sphinx/data/test1stemmed.s
ph: No such file or directory.
    没有搜索到,因为windows命令行中的中文时GBK编码格式,所以没有匹配内容。我们可以使用PHP程序来试试;
 
10、进入D:\sphinx\api\目录,可以发现 sphinx支持php、java、ruby调用,并提供对应的test例子,这里我们使用php来操作,首先将api复制到D:\www\下并重命名为 sphinxapi,因为我本机上apache的web目录为D:\www,在D:\www\sphinxapi\下新建search.php,内容为:
<?php
require 'sphinxapi.php';
$s = new SphinxClient();
$s->SetServer('localhost', 9312);
$result = $s->Query('中国');
print_r($result);
echo '<br /><br />';
$result = $s->Query('中文');
print_r($result);
?>
    然后回到cmd命令行中,开启sphinx服务,执行searchd.exe(这个必须要执行的)
Sphinx 2.0.6-id64-release (r3473)
Copyright (c) 2001-2012, Andrew Aksyonoff
Copyright (c) 2008-2012, Sphinx Technologies Inc (http://sphinxsearch.com)
 
using config file './sphinx.conf'...
WARNING: compat_sphinxql_magics=1 is deprecated; please update your application
and config
WARNING: preopen_indexes=1 has no effect with seamless_rotate=0
listening on all interfaces, port=9312
listening on all interfaces, port=9306
precaching index 'test1'
precaching index 'test1stemmed'
WARNING: index 'test1stemmed': preload: failed to open D:/sphinx/data/test1stemm
ed.sph: No such file or directory; NOT SERVING
precaching index 'rt'
WARNING: index 'rt': preload: failed to open @CONFDIR@/data/rt.lock: No such fil
e or directory; NOT SERVING
precached 3 indexes in 0.018 sec
    成功...
    然后在浏览器中执行http://localhost/sphinxapi/search.php,打印出来的数组结果可以很清晰的看见搜索的结果比对。。。
 
11、至此sphinx在windows下的简单安装与使用就完成了。。。
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